Introduction to Accessory Dwelling Units
An accessory dwelling unit commonly called a granny flat or in-law suite must exist on a lot that’s zoned single-family. It has its own entrance, separate from the primary house, as well as a kitchen, bathroom and living space. These units can be rented, year-round, and add a lot of value to a property.
ADUs must be placed on single-family residentially zoned lots. ADUs are allowed in all residential zones.
In La Jolla, companion units can also be permitted in multi-family lots under specific circumstances. They are allowed on lots where the maximum number of dwelling units is two. So, if you have, for example, a lot zoned RM1-1 with two units or less you may be able to add a companion unit.
If your area is in a Coastal Overlay Zone (which is likely in La Jolla), there may be additional regulations in order to protect our coasts.
Lot size in La Jolla
There is no minimum lot size requirement for a companion unit. Only one companion unit is allowed per lot. Other non-residential structures, such as sheds or garages may be allowed. A companion unit should be at least 6 feet from other residential buildings, and 3 feet from detached non-residential buildings.
Min/Max Building Sizes
Your maximum build size differs depending on whether your accessory unit is attached or detached from the primary home.
Attached ADU: The floor area of the ADU should not be more than 50% of the existing residence up to 1,200 square feet. For example, if your existing house in 2,500 sq. ft., the attached ADU cannot exceed 1,200 sq. ft. in size.
Detached ADU: For a detached ADU, the total floor space area of the ADU should not be more than 1,200 square feet, regardless of the size of the primary residence.
The floor area of the companion unit should be included when calculating the total floor area of the lot.
The maximum height of an ADU is 30 feet.
Parking in La Jolla
ADU’s should follow the same parking regulations as the main house. If there is parking access from an alley before, there should still be accessible after building a companion unit, unless there is a garage.
If the garage is converted into a companion unit or removed to make room for one, then replacement parking is needed, even if you are within half a mile of a transit area.
There are many options for parking spaces. They may be put within setback areas, covered or uncovered, or use mechanical lifts. The important thing is that they provide safe and efficient vehicle access.
The minimum parking requirement is one parking space per companion unit, with 0.5 parking spots per bedroom.
Parking is not required if the ADU is:
- 500 square feet or less
- Located within half a mile of transit
- Located in a historical resource area
- Already part of the existing building
- Located in a residential permit parking district
- Located within one block of a car share station
- Located within one block of a bike share station
A setback is a minimum distance a structure must be away from the street, buildings, or other features.
A big advantage of converting an existing permitted structure, like a garage is that it does not have to comply with setback requirements. Companion units built from converted garages can keep the same setbacks.
Companion units may extend into the setbacks if the structure is one story and less than 30 feet in length or the companion unit is built over a garage or other accessory structure.
The owner does not need to live in the main unit or the companion unit. Both structures can be rented.
A companion unit can’t be sold separately from the main house.
ADU’s may be leased long-term. They cannot be rented out for less than 30 consecutive days.
How to Evaluate ROI
Building an accessory dwelling unit, especially if you intend to keep the property for a few years, represents an enormously beneficial opportunity to maximize your property.
By constructing an accessory dwelling unit you are adding additional square footage to the property. So if you can build a unit for $275 a square foot, but the average value of homes in your neighborhood are worth $400 a square foot you are gaining instant equity through the project. Plus, you also now have the added benefit of a flexible space that can be rented or used for family.
- Construction of a passageway is not required when building a companion unit.
- A tree must be planted in the front yard or parkway unless a tree that is at least 15 feet high and wide already exists.
- A junior unit is an accessory structure that is contained entirely within the main house. They are exempt from parking regulations, and should have a separate outdoor entry, a connection to the main living area, and should include an efficiency kitchen. They may have their own bathroom or share a bathroom with the main house. The junior unit and the main house must be sold together and the owner must live in either the junior unit or the main house.
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